Ionization has been studied in Universities worldwide since the 1920’s. There are literally hundreds of government and university studies showing the benefits of ionization for air pollution and human health, both physical and emotional.
One of the phenomena that brought interest to the study of ionization is the effect of the pre-storm shift to positive ion ratios, that begins a few days before the storm. The most influential positive ion winds worldwide are known as the Witches Winds. In these parts of the world, there is more crime, accidents, and suicides during the Witches Winds. Some hospitals won’t schedule surgeries during this time, because the patient death rate is higher due to hemorrhaging. People know that it is common to experience aches, pains, irritability or a dullness of wit, as the storm approaches. Yet symptoms disappear like magic as soon as the storm has passed, because it leaves a high negative ion count in the air. Through all these studies, it is clear that where air pollution and human comfort are concerned, positive ions have a negative effect and negative ions have a positive effect.
An ion is a very small particle carrying a positive or negative charge. In outdoor healthy environments such as mountain air, waterfalls, beaches and deserts, there is a mixture of approximately 4000 negative ions and 3000 positive ions, per cubic centimeter. However the average indoor ion balances is very low, somewhere between 0-35 ions per cubic centimeter.
Lets take a look at how ionization works. Look at a beam of light in a darkened room. Move the sparkling dust particles with your hand and you’ll see they just dance around. There is no way to remove these particles from the air unless they attain enough weight to drop to the ground. Most particulate are positively charged and your home is positively charge, allowing these particles to stay suspended. Ions cause the small particles to attract to each other like magnets. These larger particles are now heavy enough for gravity to pull them from the air. Attached to those dust particles are chemicals, bacteria, mold and viruses. Removing the particles also reduces microbes and toxic chemicals.
Ionization is extremely efficient. Professor Sergey A. Grinshpun at the Center for Health Related Aerosol Studies, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Ohio, demonstrated unequivocally that ionic air purifiers efficiently remove course particulate (dust), fine and ultrafine particles from indoor air in a typical room. His research is peer reviewed which is the gold standard.
- Removes particles too small to be filtered out of the air
- The ions go to the particles in the natural air flow
- The particle removal efficiency reached almost 100% down to the virus size.
- Ionization removes particulates, neutralizes chemicals and odors, and removes biological contaminants.
- Healthy outdoor environments, such as mountains, have high levels of ions
Ozone occurs naturally in the air that we breathe outdoors. Ozone is one of the most powerful sterilants created by nature. It has been used since 1904 to purify drinking water in cities such as London, Paris, Frankfurt, Moscow, New York, Chicago, Montreal and Los Angeles. It has been used for cleaning indoor air for an equal length of time.
Ozone is created by sunshine and thunderstorms. It’s that positive sweet smell that we understand as fresh air.
Benefits of ozone
- Ozone has the ability to kill bacteria, viruses, fungi and mold
- Destroys odors,
- Most pollutants are organic in nature. Ozone is 3000x more powerful than bleach, yet it occurs naturally in clean outdoor environment.
- It is highly effective on chemical gases, germs and particulates
- Proven to eliminate smoke and smoke odors
- Ozone becomes an irritant at high levels. EPA recommends not to exceed .5 pmm. Natural air has about .2 pmm. Ozone at high levels is recognizable by its strong odor.
In the 1920’s, both Harvard and John Hopkins studied ultraviolet light with a focus on tuberculosis. However, with the advent of anti-tuberculosis drugs and a vaccine, the studies were stopped. UV technology is based on the simple principle that microorganisms are vulnerable to the effects of UV light and they cannot reproduce (sterilized) and are therefore not infectious.
However, it is limited for home use, based on the following reasons:
- Not enough exposure time
- Germs must be within a few inches of UV lamp to be sterilized.
- Many Power levels are not intense
- Humidity and particulates protect microbes, and
- Dust on lamps reduces exposure
PHOTO CATALYTIC OXIDATION (SUNSHINE)
Albert Einstein discovered the photoelectric effect. This discovery earned him his first Nobel Prize in 1921. With this technology, rare metals are used with UV light to create an abundance of friendly cleansers from the hydrogen and oxygen already in the air.
- Duplicates the cleansing power of sunshine – these air cleansers are picked up in the airstream and literally “scrub” air throughout the home or office,
- Purifies air of
- Germs and
- Sanitizes surfaces
- 40x faster than ozone
- Continuously sanitizes the duct system the A/C coils.
- Its effectiveness has been verified by multiple University studies
- Kansas State University efficacy test showed a 98.8 reduction in MRSA